NASA X-Ray Navigation System Aims to Be a Galactic GPS for Space Exploration

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About 2,000 identified pulsars are distributed throughout the sky, with about 200 identified millisecond pulsars. While pulsars emit electromagnetic radiation in a number of wavelengths, the light beaming from pulsars is most seen within the X-ray spectrum.

Gendreau mentioned the system is “very cool science” and can assist humanity navigate and discover the galaxy. NASA says this expertise will doubtlessly “allow sustained human presence all through the photo voltaic system, in addition to improve and allow science within the outer photo voltaic system and past.”

Since the early days of area exploration, spacecraft have used NASA’s Deep Space Network (DSN) to speak with Earth and navigate via area. The European Space Agency has additionally developed an identical system referred to as the European Space Tracking (ESTRACK) community.

These are each worldwide arrays of large radio antennas situated roughly 120 levels aside on Earth to make sure that any satellite tv for pc in area is ready to talk with at the very least one station always. Navigators for every of the missions course of the radiometric-tracking information acquired from the networks to find out the spacecraft’s place and velocity. They additionally use optical information, the place the spacecraft takes an image of the star background to assist refine the spacecraft’s trajectory.

RELATED: NASA’s GPS-Like Deep Space Navigation Experiment Set to Launch on SpaceX Rocket

For years, scientists and engineers all over the world have been exploring the feasibility of utilizing X-ray pulsars for spacecraft navigation. Where the DSN and ESTRACK networks require a spacecraft to speak with ground-based techniques, using pulsars would allow autonomous navigation — at the very least to some extent — on-board the spacecraft and reduce communications with Earth. Proponents say this is able to additionally provide the potential of decrease mission working prices because of the lowered want for floor infrastructure.

Gendreau mentioned he thinks the brand new expertise gives a brand new possibility for deep space navigation that might work in live performance with current spacecraft-based radio and optical techniques.

“The price financial savings are available in that you just don’t have to make use of sources from the DSN as a lot,” he mentioned. “And, in a way, it’s priceless as a result of it would allow missions to excessive deep area, and higher accuracy for all missions.”

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